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What is a Sandblasting Cabinet?

Shannon Kietzman
Shannon Kietzman

Sandblasting is the use of air pressure and a variety of materials to clean and prepare metal surfaces in order for them to be repaired, painted, or welded. The materials used in sandblasting, whether sand or not, are referred to as blast media. Sandblasting can remove paint, rust, and residue from oxidation from materials quickly and efficiently. Sandblasting can also be used to change the condition of a metal's surface, such as through removing scratches or casting marks.

A sandblasting system includes four basic components: the air source, the sandblasting cabinet, the dust collector, and the blasting media. The air source is usually bottle gas or an air compressor. The sandblasting cabinet holds the object being blasted, while the dust collector removes dust from the cabinet.

There are two basic types of sandblasting cabinets a user can choose from: the portable tank sandblasting cabinet and the can sandblasting cabinet. The can sandblasting cabinet is the most basic model and, therefore, the cheaper of the two.

A person sandblasting.
A person sandblasting.

Sandblasting cabinets can be purchased in all shapes and sizes. Front load, top load, and end load designs are all used for different types of jobs. It is also possible to purchase a sandblasting cabinet with a horizontal, vertical, or 45 degree viewing window in order to fit the type of material being blasted. A different view is necessary, for example, when blasting car parts as opposed to wood projects.

Smaller sandblasting cabinets are appropriate for items like coffee cups and trophies.
Smaller sandblasting cabinets are appropriate for items like coffee cups and trophies.

A sandblasting cabinet can also have a flat bottom or sit on a tabletop. This type of sandblasting cabinet is used for smaller jobs. There are, however, certain types of cabinets called “V" bottom cabinets, which have legs and can be used for larger projects that are too big to be completed on a tabletop.

A smaller sandblasting cabinet might be used for jobs such as coffee cups or trophies. These items are fairly delicate and require more control over the blasting process. Many rock collectors also use medium-sized sandblasting cabinets in order to blast and polish rocks. A large sandblasting cabinet might be used for plate glass windows, shower doors, or door inserts.

There are some cabinets that have blasting units built into them. This makes it more convenient to use the sandblasting cabinet and is ideal for large jobs. Still other cabinets come equipped with built in dust collection systems, which make clean up easier. The benefit to this type of sandblasting cabinet is the ability to do more work at one time, because time doesn’t need to be taken to deal with the dust clean up.

A sandblasting cabinet generally comes with rubber sleeves and gloves attached, which help prevent accidents from occurring. Safety is an issue with sandblasting cabinets when they are misused, because the blasting materials move at very high speeds.

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Discussion Comments


There is an alternative to sandblasting, however it might not be applicable to all circumstances and may vary depending on the target media being worked on. Chemical treatments and acids baths are an alternative. However, it is necessary to make sure the chemical only acts against the surface to be removed while leaving the rest of the object undamaged.


is it applicable in power fuse such as smd-20? if so what is the standard time when blasting a smd-20 power fuse?


what was the answer?


Is there any alternative method to attain a similar surface finish as that of sand blasting? in other words, is there any alternative for sand blasting?

if so? then please explain more on it?

thank you

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    • A person sandblasting.
      A person sandblasting.
    • Smaller sandblasting cabinets are appropriate for items like coffee cups and trophies.
      By: michaeljung
      Smaller sandblasting cabinets are appropriate for items like coffee cups and trophies.