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What is Valve Oil?

By C. Daw
Updated May 17, 2024
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Valve oil is a lubricant that is used to reduce friction and make machines work smoothly, and for corrosion removal. From huge yarn manufacturing machines to simple handgun production lines, any mechanical machine has gears and valves that play a vital role. The production rate is calculated by considering the power of the motor and the number of gear teeth and valves. Gears, rotors and pistons are constantly moving parts, leading to the build up of high amounts of friction. This process increases the chances of damage to sophisticated parts, which is where valve oil plays an important role.

The higher the friction that the parts within the machine produce, the higher the levels of heat will be. This rising heat can alter the performance of extremely tiny parts, or tiny holes, within the machine. Tiny holes can be closed and gears can fail. Sometimes, because of oxidization, the machine parts need to be scrubbed. There is always a chance of damaging tiny parts in the equipment, so keeping the work process smooth is the most important aspect of maintaining a machine. The valve oil is the additive that ensures that the parts within the machine are well lubricated and kept free from corrosion.

Valve oil is actually petroleum oil and contains various other minerals, and can be classified as either mineral or synthetic based oils. It is used in between fractionating dimensions, especially valves, rotors, pistons and gears. On the market are many different lubricants for each specific part, such as rotor oil and piston oil. The only differences between them are the viscosity and density; otherwise they are basically the same. The levels of viscosity and density specify the oil for a particular machine part. Some have high viscosity, while others have the same viscosity as water. Since water is considered to be the liquid of lowest viscosity, it is always a question why some valve oils are produced to match it. In some cases, machines use very little energy because of the tiny valves that are used, so it is imperative for them to use a low viscosity liquid to keep the machine at its optimal speed.

Synthetic valve oil consists of different molecular masses and formations that are calculated and specified. Usually synthetic valve oils follow several methods to reduce friction. Some work as sliding oil, while others use chemical reactions that absorb heat to form a thick liquid. Common branded products list these specifications directly on the product, and these synthetic valve oils are considered to be the best for applications that involve manufacturing equipment. On the other hand, applications that require several machines in a series to be lubricated are advised that mineral based oils should be used.

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