Gypsum cement is a type of plaster made primarily from gypsum, a soft mineral comprised of calcium sulfate dihydrates. Due to its strength, durability, and capacity to hold a polished shine, this plaster is used for several different purposes, including drywall, flooring, ceilings, and in the creation sculptures, statues, and effigies. Gypsum cement is different than gypsum plaster, or plaster of Paris, which possesses neither the high quality of the cement nor its unique characteristics. Gypsum cement is much harder and more reliable than plaster of Paris, and some brands are infused with special agents that can make the material fire retardant or lower the level of moisture absorption.
In the manufacturing of gypsum cement, raw gypsum is mined from the earth and burned at an extremely high temperature to remove all traces of water. It is then ground to a very fine powder, and mixed with alum to speed up the drying process. When water is added to this powder mixture, pure gypsum cement is produced.
Throughout history, this material has been used for its sleek look and resilient properties. Some of the first human civilizations made use of gypsum cement to create statues and sculptures. As the centuries progressed, gypsum cement remained a popular choice for buildings and monuments, but today it is often overshadowed by the more readily accessible Portland cement. Gypsum powder, however, is sometimes added to Portland cement to make it both light and hardy.
Due to its light weight and high level of resistance to fire, flooring made from this material has become a popular choice for many homebuilders. It is often laid as a foundation floor before tile, carpet, or another type of covering is added. Gypsum walls can be instituted by plastering the drywall or an existing wall with gypsum cement. The cement can then be molded, chiseled, or shaped to fit a variety of different architectural styles. A gypsum ceiling can be achieved through the same process.
This material is exceptionally strong, and brands manufactured for use in construction are ideal for supporting heavy structures and beams. Some types contain glass fibers, which further enhance the product's sturdiness. This strength is also handy for more artistic pursuits, such as the creation of monuments and other works of art. The material's toughness and durability allows even the most delicate statue to withstand the negative effects of air, wind, water, and light.