We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Is Crop Farming?

Mary McMahon
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
About Mechanics is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At About Mechanics, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Crop farming is the cultivation of plants for food, animal foodstuffs, or other commercial uses. A variety of techniques including organic production methods can be used to manage crops. People may enter this career through a family business, by training on a farm with experienced farmers, or by attending college to get a degree in agriculture or a related subject. It can involve long hours and harsh working conditions, along with unpredictable profits from year to year, which can be stressful for farmers.

The types of crops grown can depend on environmental conditions, market demands, and preference. Some crops have a limited growth range dependent on temperatures, available water supply, pests, and other factors. Others may be cultivated in a wider range of conditions. Crop farmers test the soil and assess their land to determine what kinds of products they can grow, and narrow down that list to determine what would be commercially viable. If the market demand for cotton is high, for example, it might be a profitable crop to plant.

Plants grown for food, like rice, wheat, and vegetables, are one form of crop farming. It is also possible to cultivate plants such as alfalfa that will be used to feed animals. Some farms have a combination of crops and animals, using the crops they grow to feed their livestock.

Other crops may be grown as sources of fuel, fiber, dyes, and other commercial products. Experimental farming using new cultivars or crops that haven’t been grown successfully on a commercial scale is another form of crop farming. People may be paid by a university or research facility to cultivate these crops and report back.

Agriculture can be highly unpredictable. Unexpected weather events may impact the yield in a given year, and the market for crops can also shift in response to a variety of economic factors. People using crop farming as a primary source of income attempt to balance their crops in order to generate some profits each year, and may also need to take advantage of loans and grants in poor years. Insurance policies are available to protect people from losses like crops damaged by heavy weather.

Some crops may be considered important for national security and stability because it’s important to have a domestic source. Governments may subsidize crop farming and use other incentives to encourage farmers to stay productive. This can secure the food supply, increasing the chance that enough food will be available for everyone, and it can reduce reliance on imports.

About Mechanics is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Link to Sources
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a About Mechanics researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments
By Sporkasia — On Apr 24, 2014

If you're like me then you do not think of the United States as a big producer of rice, and this is true. The U.S. produces a very small percentage of the rice produced worldwide. However, the U.S. is one of the top exporters of rice i the world.

By mobilian33 — On Apr 23, 2014

Farming is truly a big business, not like it was a few decades back when there were too many small farmers to count in most communities. In the United States, crops like soybeans and corn have replaced what we think of as garden crops on many farms.

Most farmers choose crops like corn and grains because they can earn more money meeting the demand for these crops than they can growing produce and vegetables that people will eat at the dinner table. Corn and soybeans are in large part used in animal feed and in the manufacturing of other foods.

By Drentel — On Apr 23, 2014

When I was growing up, farmers in my community were at the mercy of Mother Nature. I can remember farmers bragging on how well their crops were looking at some point during the growing because they were getting the perfect weather patterns.

Then, more often than not, at some point the rain would stop and for a couple weeks or more the weather would be so dry and hot that the crops would start to dry out in the fields. Of course, there were also years when there would be too much rain and the crops would suffer from water damage. Either way, Mother Nature was in control.

Today, most farms have some type of irrigation system. This gives farmers a much better chance of making a profit on their crops. Though there is still no guarantee.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

Learn more
About Mechanics, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

About Mechanics, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.