At AboutMechanics, we're committed to delivering accurate, trustworthy information. Our expert-authored content is rigorously fact-checked and sourced from credible authorities. Discover how we uphold the highest standards in providing you with reliable knowledge.

Learn more...

What is an Impact Mill?

Keith Koons
Keith Koons

An impact mill is a device used for breaking many types of natural objects into tiny pieces by delivering repetitive strikes that possess bone-smashing potential. Within it are powerful crushing and beating tools that will apply tremendous amounts of force in order to reduce items like grain, paper, and various ores into sizes that are suitable for grinding into very fine segments. Once the materials are placed inside a pulverizing impact mill, they are often accelerated within a type of wind vortex technology to enhance the speed in which the inner materials are broken down from the successive collisions. After the contents are beaten down into more manageable pieces, they are then passed through a grinder that reduces each sample down to less than a half inch (10 mm) in diameter. From there, an impact mill releases the contents, usually onto a conveyor belt, for the crushed components to be inspected.

Some of the more common impact milling equipment includes hammermills, pin mills, and jet mills, but there are hundreds of varieties in total. Due to the versatility of the machines, they are also found in various sizes and shapes; a baker may own a small impact grain mill in order to create flour and cornmeal from scratch, whereas mining companies often order custom-made impact mills that reach several stories in height. The size and grinding power of an impact mill is completely dependent on the materials to be reduced within it, which is why they are created to serve specific purposes. If quartz were placed inside an impact mill that was made for recycling paper, the inner pistons and grinders would be almost completely useless within minutes.

Man with a drill
Man with a drill

In order to assist impact mills in breaking apart and grinding some of the harder rocks and ores, liquids are added to cool the internal gears and components. An immediate benefit of incorporating a liquid cooling system within an impact mill is longer usage of the machinery while reducing the overall maintenance requirements, so industries that can take advantage of the technology normally do. Of course, this method is often not suitable for many of the grains and other delicate items that can be pulverized through this machinery, which is why the pressurized air systems have become increasingly popular.

From the roads people drive on to the countless items that fill families' cupboards and refrigerators, at some point, these things probably passed through an impact mill. Many companies relying on impacting mill technologies can keep costs low. Productivity may also benefit, as the machine reduces efforts needed by workers.

Discuss this Article

Post your comments
Forgot password?
    • Man with a drill
      Man with a drill