We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What are Different Types of Drilling Machines?

By Caitlin Kenney
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
AboutMechanics is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At AboutMechanics, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Drilling machines are tools that have a rotating, cutting component at one end that bores holes into different materials. There are several types of drilling machines that may be used for a wide variety of purposes, including woodworking, construction, masonry, metalworking, medicine, oil drilling, and many other fields. Common drills include the hand drill, push drill, pistol-grip drill, hammer drill, and drill press. In addition to making holes, drills are often used to push screws into wood, metal, plastic, rock, or composites.

The hand drill and push drill are both manually operated drilling machines that have been largely replaced by power drills. A hand drill works by turning a crank that rotates gears, which cause the chuck to turn. The chuck is the component of the drilling machine that holds the bit, or the end cutting piece. The push drill is a skinny tool resembling a screwdriver with a handle that can be pushed down on a threaded shaft, or a pole with helical ridging. As the handle is pushed down along threading, the shaft, chuck, and bit spins downward, much like pumping a toy metal top.

Pistol-grip drills are the most commonly used drilling machines. These are corded electric drills that are typically shaped roughly like a pistol, with a trigger switch that starts a motor inside the drill. The motor causes the chuck and bit to spin in continuous revolutions. These drilling machines may be used to make holes for bolts or other purposes, to push screws into wood, plastic, or other materials, and to bore countersinks. A countersink is a screw-shaped hole that is made before the screw is drilled in, preventing splintering or pulling of the plastic or wood around the head of the screw.

A pistol-grip drill is also available in a battery-powered, cordless version, though they are usually more expensive. There are many different types of this drill and several indications for use. It is also possible to adapt the drill with an attachment, such as sanding or sawing components.

A hammer drill, also called a rotary hammer, is similar to a pistol-grip drill, but also applies a punching motion to complement the rotational action of the bit. This hammering, forward force makes it useful for tougher materials, such as concrete or stone, that standard electric drills cannot cut through. For softer materials, however, the hammer drill may apply excessive force and a standard drill may be a better choice.

A drill press is a type of drill that may stand on the floor or be mounted on a workbench. The base of the machine is bolted to the table or floor and a column rises up from the base to support the back of the head of the drill. The column also supports a table that can be adjusted in height between the head and the base.

The spindle, a metal component that holds the chuck and drill bit, extends downward from the front of the head, parallel to the column. A larger distance between the spindle and column allows wood with a larger width to be drilled. An “on” switch triggers the spindle to spin and levers attached to the head of the drill press move the spindle and chuck to move up or down. These drilling machines are suited for accurate drilling, because the bit is fixed and the work can be secured to the table with clamps or a vise.

AboutMechanics is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

Discussion Comments

By Viranty — On Feb 19, 2014

Always be careful with drills and never fool around with equipment. Sometimes, if you're in an extremely loud vicinity, it's also a great idea to wear earplugs. Working with machines can be tough work not just for your body, but for your ears as well. In fact, a friend of mine temporarily lost his hearing when he was working at construction sight without any plugs.

By Chmander — On Feb 18, 2014

Does anyone know if there are any other types of drills out there? I'm going to be working with drills very soon, and I want to make sure I'm careful with which ones I pick. Also, I have to say that this is a great article that really expands of the kinds of machines there are. Usually, when I hear the word "drill", I only think of one type. The generic brand. However, thanks to this article, I now have more knowledge of what's available, and which ones I could possibly buy. I'll be keeping this in mind for the future.

AboutMechanics, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

AboutMechanics, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.